Refractive index fluctuations in deformed Ti:LiNbO[sub 3] waveguides due to SiO[sub 2] overlayer

Nagata, Hirotoshi; Kiuchi, Kazumasa
August 1993
Applied Physics Letters;8/30/1993, Vol. 63 Issue 9, p1176
Academic Journal
Investigates the deformation of Ti:LiNbO[sub 3] waveguides due to SiO[sub 2] overlayer deposition. Retention of deformation in the modulator chip; Estimation of the induced strain affecting the refractive index in the waveguide; Agreement between the corresponding optical phase retardation and measured values.


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