Specular electron scattering at single-crystal Cu(001) surfaces

Chawla, J. S.; Gall, D.
June 2009
Applied Physics Letters;6/22/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 25, p252101
Academic Journal
Epitaxial copper layers, 20 nm to 1.5-μm-thick, were grown on MgO(001) by ultrahigh vacuum magnetron sputter deposition at 80 °C. In situ electrical resistivity measurements indicate partial specular scattering at the Cu vacuum interface with a Fuchs–Sondheimer scattering parameter p=0.6±0.1. In situ deposition of 0.3 to 7.0-nm-thick Ta cap layers on the Cu surfaces leads to a resistivity increase, which is independent of the Ta thickness and is associated with a transition to completely diffuse surface scattering with p=0.0±0.1. The diffuse scattering is attributed to a “rough” electron potential at the Cu–Ta interface as well as to scattering into localized interface and surface states.


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