Iterative optimization of plasmon resonant nanostructures

Pavaskar, Prathamesh; Cronin, Stephen B.
June 2009
Applied Physics Letters;6/22/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 25, p253102
Academic Journal
We perform finite difference time domain simulations of two-dimensional clusters of metal nanoparticles with incident planewave irradiation. An iterative optimization algorithm is used to determine the configuration of the nanoparticles that gives the maximum electric field intensity at the center of the cluster. The optimum configurations of these clusters have mirror symmetry about the axis of planewave propagation, but are otherwise nonsymmetric and nonintuitive. The maximum field intensity is found to increase monotonically with the number of nanoparticles in the cluster, producing intensities that are five times larger than linear chains of nanoparticles and 2500 times larger than the incident electromagnetic field.


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