Surface-polarization-induced formation of amorphous foliaceous SiO2 helical nanobelts

Liu, L. Z.; Wu, X. L.; Zhang, Z. Y.; Li, T. H.; Chu, Paul K.
June 2009
Applied Physics Letters;6/22/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 25, p253110
Academic Journal
Amorphous foliaceous SiO2 helical nanobelts with equidistant alternating bright and dark stripes are synthesized using thermal evaporation. A very thin polar crystalline layer spontaneously formed on the nanobelt surface stabilizes the twist and the internal shear stress imbalance induces the periodic reconstruction. The periodic bright and dark stripes disappear slowly with growth time because the polar crystalline SiO2 layers are covered slowly by an amorphous layer. The polar surface-driven mechanism, which can adequately explain the appearance and disappearance of the periodic fringes, is verified theoretically.


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