Teaching the Kepler Laws for Freshmen

van Haandel, Maris; Heckman, Gert
March 2009
Mathematical Intelligencer;Spring2009, Vol. 31 Issue 2, p40
Academic Journal
The article provides a representation on the mathematical derivation of Kepler's Laws of p. It states that Kepler's first law upon applying Euclidean geometry can only hold for an attractive 1/r2 force field as derived by Isaac Newton and in 1710, a direct proof of Kepler's first law was given by Jakob Hermann and Johan Bernoulli. Also included is the proof from Richard Feynman which is based on the hodograph.


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