Fe ions in proton-exchanged LiNbO[sub 3] waveguides

Olivares, J.; Dieguez, E.
August 1992
Applied Physics Letters;8/10/1992, Vol. 61 Issue 6, p624
Academic Journal
Examines the valence state of iron in proton-exchanged LiNbO[sub 3] waveguides by electron paramagnetic resonance and loss measurements. Analysis of the exchange process; Detection of weak electron paramagnetic resonance; Impact of low photorefractive sensitivity of photon-exchanged guide.


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