Shallow Pb[sup 3+] hole traps in lead zirconate titanate ferroelectrics

Robertson, John; Warren, William L.
September 1993
Applied Physics Letters;9/13/1993, Vol. 63 Issue 11, p1519
Academic Journal
Examines the shallow hole traps of lead cations in lead zirconate titanate ferroelectrics. Creation of lead cation centers by optical illumination; Similarity of valence bands for all titanium/zirconium stoichiometries; Study on the metastability of lead cation center at room temperature.


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