Application of a trazodone-selective electrode to pharmaceutical quality control and urine analyses

García, M. Soledad; Ortuño, Joaquín; Albero, M. Isabel; Cuartero, María
July 2009
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jul2009, Vol. 394 Issue 6, p1563
Academic Journal
A trazodone-selective electrode for application in pharmaceutical quality control and urine analysis was developed. The electrode is based on incorporation of a trazodone-tetraphenylborate ion exchanger in a poly(vinyl chloride) membrane. The electrode showed a fast, stable and Nernstian response over a wide trazodone concentration range (5 × 10−5−1 × 10−2 M) with a mean slope of 59.3 ± 0.9 mV/dec of concentration, a mean detection limit of 1.8 × 10−5 ± 2.2 × 10−6 M, a wide working pH range (5–7.5) and a fast response time (less than 20 s). The electrode also showed good accuracy, repeatability, reproducibility and selectivity with respect to some inorganic and organic compounds, including the main trazodone metabolite. The electrode provided good analytical results in the determination of trazodone in pharmaceuticals and spiked urine samples; no extraction steps were necessary. Dissolution testing of trazodone tablets, in different conditions of pH and particle size, based on a direct potentiometric determination with the new selective electrode is presented as well.


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