Gender differences in the work commitment of Chinese workers: An investigation of two alternative explanations

Peng, Kelly Z.; Ngo, Hang-Yue; Shi, Junqi; Wong, Chi-Sum
July 2009
Journal of World Business;Jul2009, Vol. 44 Issue 3, p323
Academic Journal
Abstract: This study explores the differences in work commitment between Chinese male and female employees. We develop a model that specifies the major antecedents of job and organizational commitment in the Chinese workplace. We then examine whether the gender differences can be attributed to factors related to gender role ideology or unfavorable work conditions encountered by women. Several hypotheses are formulated and tested with a data set collected from 582 employees in Beijing. The findings reveal that employee work commitment is related to organizational support, job characteristics, and perceptions of gender discrimination. Further, it is found that the level of job commitment of women is lower than that of men, whereas the level of organizational commitment is the same for both sexes. The lower level of job commitment of women is due largely to their stronger perception of gender discrimination, receiving less challenging job assignments, and engaging in a low level of leader�member exchange. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.


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