Blepharokeratoconjunctivitis in Cockayne Syndrome

Bhojwani, Rajan; Lloyd, I. Chris; Alam, Suemyaa; Ashworth, Jane
May 2009
Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus;May/Jun2009, Vol. 46 Issue 3, p184
Academic Journal
Cockayne syndrome is a multisystemic, autosontal recessive disease resulting from abnormalities of DNA repair. Ocular manifestations are common, particularly congenital cataract and retinal dystrophy, This study describes a previously unreported association of blepharokeratoconjunctivitis (BKC) in Cockayne syndrome. The authors conducted a retrospective case review of patients with Cockayne syndrome between 1997 and 2006. The ocular manifestations were documented. All cases were bilaterally aphakic from congenital cataract surgery. Four cases of BKC with resultant corneal changes were identified. Two other cases of BKC without corneal changes were also noted. There were no cases of corneal ulceration or visually significant scarring. These findings are clinically important because many patients with Cockayne syndrome wear contact lenses for the refractive correction of aphakia with a resultant risk of corneal ulceration.


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