Three-dimensional radiological classification of lumbar disc herniation in relation to surgical outcome

K. Halldin; B. Lind; K. Rönnberg; J. Göthlin; G. Gadeholt-Göthlin; B. Zoëga; H. Brisby
June 2009
International Orthopaedics;Jun2009, Vol. 33 Issue 3, p725
Academic Journal
Abstract  Centrally located lumbar disc herniations have been reported to be of predictive value for poor post-operative clinical outcome. One hundred and fifty patients undergoing lumbar disc herniation surgery were prospectively included. Herniation-related parameters, including the grading of contours, were assessed from pre-operative computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images using a new three-dimensional grading system. The radiological findings were compared with outcome parameters two years post-operatively (patient-assessed pain, function/health scores and evaluation by an independent observer). An intra- and inter-observer validation of the classification was performed in a subgroup of patients. High intra-observer and good inter-observer reliability for both CT and MRI was seen. In the study population, no relation between the distribution or size of the herniations and outcome at 2-year follow-up were found. The distribution and size of the lumbar disc herniations with the three-dimensional classification were not found to be of importance for the clinical outcome.


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