TITLE

Determination of tetracycline residues in soil by pressurized liquid extraction and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry

AUTHOR(S)
Andreu, Vicente; Vazquez-Roig, Pablo; Blasco, Cristina; Picó, Yolanda
PUB. DATE
July 2009
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jul2009, Vol. 394 Issue 5, p1329
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
An optimized extraction and cleanup method for the analysis of chlortetracycline (CTC), doxycycline (DC), oxytetracycline (OTC) and tetracycline (TC) in soil is presented. Soil extraction in a pressurized liquid extraction system, followed by extract clean up using solid-phase extraction (SPE) and tetracycline determination by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) provided appropriate efficiency and reproducibility. Different dispersing agents and solvents for soil extraction and several SPE cartridges for cleanup were compared. The best extraction results were obtained using ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid-treated sand as dispersing agent, and water at 70 °C. The most effective cleanup was obtained using Strata-XTM sorbent in combination with a strong anion exchange cartridge. Recoveries ranged from 71% to 96% and precision, as indicated by the relative standard deviations, was within the range of 8–15%. The limits of quantification (LOQs) by using LC-MS/MS, based on signal-to-noise ratio ( S/ N) of 10, ranged from 1 μg kg−1 for TC to 5 μg kg−1 for CTC. These results pointed out that this technique is appropriate to determine tetracyclines in soils. Analysis of 100 samples taken in the Valencian Community revealed that, in soil, up to 5 μg kg−1 CTC, 15 μg kg−1 OTC, 18 μg kg−1 TC, and 12 μg kg−1 DC could be detected. Detection of the analytes in several samples, which typify great part of the Spanish agricultural soils, should be outlined as most important result of this study.
ACCESSION #
41328809

 

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