Revisiting the origin of open circuit voltage in nanocrystalline-TiO2/polymer heterojunction solar cells

Al-Dmour, H.; Taylor, D. M.
June 2009
Applied Physics Letters;6/1/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 22, p223309
Academic Journal
Recent reports suggest that the open circuit voltage, VOC, in polymeric heterojunction solar cells is determined by the energy difference between the highest occupied molecular orbital of the electron donor and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of the electron acceptor. Here we show that in solar cells formed from nanocrystalline titanium dioxide (nc-TiO2) and poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT), VOC may arise from a depletion region at the nc-TiO2/P3HT interface, which only forms in the presence of oxygen. Under illumination in vacuum, photovoltaic behavior is swamped by a significant increase in photoconduction enabled by reduced electron trapping in the absence of oxygen.


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