Beta-induced Alfvén-acoustic eigenmodes in National Spherical Torus Experiment and DIII-D driven by beam ions

Gorelenkov, N. N.; Van Zeeland, M. A.; Berk, H. L.; Crocker, N. A.; Darrow, D.; Fredrickson, E.; Fu, G.-Y.; Heidbrink, W. W.; Menard, J.; Nazikian, R.
May 2009
Physics of Plasmas;May2009, Vol. 16 Issue 5, p056107
Academic Journal
Kinetic theory and experimental observations of a special class of energetic particle driven instabilities called here beta-induced Alfvén-acoustic eigenmodes (BAAEs) are reported confirming, previous results [N. N. Gorelenkov et al., Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 49, B371 (2007)]. The kinetic theory is based on the ballooning dispersion relation where the drift frequency effects are retained. BAAE gaps are recovered in kinetic theory. It is shown that the observed certain low-frequency instabilities on DIII-D [J. L. Luxon, Nucl. Fusion 42, 614 (2002)] and National Spherical Torus Experiment [M. Ono, S. M. Kaye, Y.-K. M. Peng et al., Nucl. Fusion 40, 557 (2000)] are consistent with their identification as BAAEs. BAAEs deteriorate the fast ion confinement in DIII-D and can have a similar effect in next-step fusion plasmas, especially if excited together with multiple global toroidicity-induced shear Alfvén eigenmode instabilities. BAAEs can also be used to diagnose safety factor profiles, a technique known as magnetohydrodynamic spectroscopy.


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