Two-plasmon-decay instability in direct-drive inertial confinement fusion experiments

Seka, W.; Edgell, D. H.; Myatt, J. F.; Maximov, A. V.; Short, R. W.; Goncharov, V. N.; Baldis, H. A.
May 2009
Physics of Plasmas;May2009, Vol. 16 Issue 5, p052701
Academic Journal
The two-plasmon-decay (TPD) instability in direct-drive irradiation OMEGA [J. M. Soures, R. L. McCrory, C. P. Verdon, et al., Phys. Plasmas 3, 2108 (1996)] experiments is seen in the half-integer harmonic emission. Experimental time-resolved ω/2 and 3ω/2 spectra indicate that the linear theory for the absolute TPD instability reasonably predicts TPD thresholds. The plasma wave spectra do not, however, agree at all with the predictions of the linear theory. This is most likely a consequence of the nonlinear evolution of this instability once it is above threshold. This is demonstrated with spectral data obtained from spherical implosion experiments as well as planar target experiments. In the latter, Thomson scattering shows the importance of the Landau cutoff. For the TPD instability, the Landau cutoff is found to be respected in all spherical and planar target experiments. In addition, the maximum plasma wave amplitudes appear to occur near the Landau cutoff.


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