Neutron and high energy deuteron anisotropy investigations in plasma focus device

Roshan, M. V.; Rawat, R. S.; Talebitaher, A.; Lee, P.; Springham, S. V.
May 2009
Physics of Plasmas;May2009, Vol. 16 Issue 5, p053301
Academic Journal
The anisotropies of neutron and high energy deuteron emissions from the NX2 plasma focus device [M. V. Roshan et al., Phys. Lett. A 373, 851 (2009)] are studied. The nuclear activation of graphite targets is used to measure the fluences of high energy deuterons in the axial and radial directions. Two bismuth germanate scintillation detectors connected to multichannel analyzer systems are used for the detection of 511 keV gamma rays resulting from positron annihilation in the two targets. In addition, fast neutron activation detectors are employed to measure the axial and radial fluences of fusion neutrons. These detection systems are calibrated using the simulation code MCNPX [L. S. Waters et al., AIP Conf. Proc. 896, 81 (2007)]. Two distinct regimes of neutron and deuteron anisotropies are observed for the NX2 device. For deuterium gas pressures below 10 mbar, the neutron anisotropy increases with increasing pressure, while the overall neutron yield remains low. For gas pressures of 10–14 mbar, the neutron anisotropy is essentially constant, while, with increasing pressure, the neutron yield rises rapidly and the deuteron anisotropy falls.


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