Electric field manipulation of magnetization at room temperature in multiferroic CoFe2O4/Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)0.7Ti0.3O3 heterostructures

Yang, J. J.; Zhao, Y. G.; Tian, H. F.; Luo, L. B.; Zhang, H. Y.; He, Y. J.; Luo, H. S.
May 2009
Applied Physics Letters;5/25/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 21, p212504
Academic Journal
Multiferroic heterostructures were fabricated by growing ferrimagnetic CoFe2O4 films on ferroelectric Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)0.7Ti0.3O3 substrates using pulsed laser deposition. Upon applying an electric field, the in-plane magnetization of the heterostructures increases and the out-of-plane magnetization decreases. Sharp and reversible changes in magnetization under electric field were also observed for the poled sample. The relative change in magnetization-electric field hysteresis loops were obtained for both the in-plane and out-of-plane magnetizations. Analysis of the results suggests that the electric field induced change in magnetic anisotropy via strain plays an important role in the magnetoelectric coupling in the heterostructures.


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