Reproducible manipulation of spin ordering in ZnCoO nanocrystals by hydrogen mediation

Seunghun Lee; Yong Chan Cho; Sung-Jin Kim; Chae Ryong Cho; Se-Young Jeong; Su Jae Kim; Jong Pil Kim; Yong Nam Choi; Jean Man Sur
May 2009
Applied Physics Letters;5/25/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 21, p212507
Academic Journal
Through a simple post hydrogen plasma treatment, we show the strong inducement of the room temperature ferromagnetism in Zn0.9Co0.1O:H nanocrystals fabricated by sol-gel process. X-ray diffraction, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, and neutron high resolution powder diffraction measurements of Zn0.9Co0.1O nanocrystals before and after hydrogenation process confirmed that there are no structural changes in nanocrystal and any creation of magnetic secondary phase. Nevertheless, the clear ferromagnetic hysteresis loop of the hydrogenated Zn0.9Co0.1O nanocrystal was observed in superconducting quantum interference device. These results indicate that the ferromagnetism can be derived from a short-range spin ordering by hydrogen mediation in Co doped ZnO.


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