Control of morphology and nucleation density of iron oxide nanostructures by electric conditions on iron surfaces exposed to reactive oxygen plasmas

Cvelbar, U.; Ostrikov, K.; Levchenko, I.; Mozetic, M.; Sunkara, M. K.
May 2009
Applied Physics Letters;5/25/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 21, p211502
Academic Journal
The possibility to control the morphology and nucleation density of quasi-one-dimensional, single-crystalline α-Fe2O3 nanostructures by varying the electric potential of iron surfaces exposed to reactive oxygen plasmas is demonstrated experimentally. A systematic increase in the oxygen ion flux through rf biasing of otherwise floating substrates and then an additional increase of the ion/neutral density resulted in remarkable structural transformations of straight nanoneedles into nanowires with controlled tapering/aspect ratio and also in larger nucleation densities. Multiscale numerical simulations relate the microscopic ion flux topographies to the nanostructure nucleation and morphological evolution. This approach is applicable to other metal-oxide nanostructures.


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