Analysis of a defeat: revolution and worker-peasant alliances in Italy, 1919-20

Foot, John
June 1999
Labour History Review (Maney Publishing);Summer99, Vol. 64 Issue 2, p159
Academic Journal
The article examines the impact of the worker-peasant alliances on the revolution in Italy from 1919 to 1920. The victory of the 8-hour day for large numbers of land and city-based workers in February 1919 was the first clear example of worker-peasant unity in the post-war period. However, it was only with the carovita riots which spread across northern and central Italy in June and July of that year that active alliances came to the fore. On the 20th and 21st the action went ahead as planned, amid near panic from the right and vast preparation by the Government and local Prefects. State planning was elaborate. Troops ringed the major industrial cities. The identification of the important figure of the worker-peasant was an indication of the presence and possibilities of more organic links between city and countryside, extended and developed during the War.


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