TITLE

Progesterone receptors A and B and estrogen receptor alpha expression in normal breast tissue and fibroadenomas

AUTHOR(S)
Rodrigo Cericatto
PUB. DATE
June 2009
SOURCE
Endocrine (1355008X);Jun2009, Vol. 35 Issue 3, p459
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Abstract  Fibroadenomas are the most common benign breast tumors, occurring mainly in young women. Their responses to the hormonal environment are similar to those of normal breast tissue, which suggests that steroid receptors may play a role in tumor development. We evaluated the gene and protein expression of progesterone receptors A and B (PRA and PRB) and the protein expression of estrogen receptor α (ER-α) in fibroadenoma samples, comparing with adjacent normal breast tissue, from 11 premenopausal women. Progesterone and estradiol levels were determined. No alterations in the PRs gene and protein expression and the ER-α protein expression were observed between the follicular and luteal phases, in normal breast versus fibroadenomas. Protein levels of PRA and PRB were higher in fibroadenomas compared to normal breast tissue (P = 0.038 and P = 0.031), while the PRs mRNA levels were similar in both tissues (P = 0.721 and P = 0.139). There were no differences in ER-α protein expression between normal breast tissue and fibroadenomas (P = 0.508). The PRA:PRB ratio was similar in the tissues, and also showed a strong correlation in both (r = 0.964, P = 0.0001). Our data suggest a role of PRs in the growth and development of fibroadenomas, although without alterations of the PRA:PRB ratio in these tumors. The absence of alterations in ER-α protein levels could be a characteristic behavior of fibroadenomas, unlike breast cancer.
ACCESSION #
40419564

 

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