TITLE

A Comparison of Video Versus Conventional Visual Reinforcement in 7- to 16-Month-Old Infants

AUTHOR(S)
Lowery, Kristy J.; von Hapsburg, Deborah; Plyler, Erin L.; Johnstone, Patti
PUB. DATE
June 2009
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2009, Vol. 52 Issue 3, p723
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: To compare response patterns to video visual reinforcement audiometry (VVRA) and conventional visual reinforcement audiometry (CVRA) in infants 7-16 months of age. Method: Fourteen normal-hearing infants aged 7-16 months (8 male, 6 female) participated. A repeated measures design was used. Each infant was tested with VVRA and CVRA over 2 different sessions. The total number of head turns prior to habituation, hit rate (response consistency), false alarm rate, and sensitivity for each reinforcement condition were evaluated. Results: No significant differences were found between the 2 reinforcement methods for total number of head turns, hit rate, false alarm rate, or sensitivity. Overall, results showed no difference between the 2 reinforcer conditions in infants 7-16 months of age. Conclusion: The results of the present study suggest that infants in the 7- to 16-month-old age range respond similarly to VVRA and CVRA as measured by response consistency and false alarm rate. VVRA is, therefore, a viable option for testing hearing in infants. However, prior to clinical implementation, the effectiveness of VVRA should be explored in infants with hearing loss.
ACCESSION #
40305029

 

Related Articles

  • The effects of implicit attentional learning and habituation on inhibition of return. Wolf, Kerstin; Ebeling, Daniel; M�ller, Notger // Attention, Perception & Psychophysics;Jan2009, Vol. 71 Issue 1, p26 

    In two experiments, the effects of implicit attentional learning and habituation on inhibition of return (IOR) were assessed. Experiment 1 consisted of an informative variant of the spatial cuing paradigm (Posner, 1980), with the target appearing most often at the location next to the cue....

  • Conditioned locomotor stimulant effects of cocaine in rats do not result from interference with habituation. Adams, Jill U.; Careri, Jason M.; Efferen, Toby R.; Rotrosen, John // Psychopharmacology;2000, Vol. 151 Issue 1, p13 

    Abstract Rationale: Classical conditioning has been proposed to account for the hyperactivity observed in drug-free rats when placed in an environment previously paired with cocaine administration. However, an alternative explanation is that hyperactivity results from an inability of rats to...

  • Interictal habituation deficit of the nociceptive blink reflex: an endophenotypic marker for presymptomatic migraine? L. Di Clemente; G. Coppola; D. Magis; A. Fumal; V. De Pasqua; V. Di Piero; J. Schoenen // Brain: A Journal of Neurology;Mar2007, Vol. 130 Issue 3, p765 

    Habituation of the nociception-specific blink reflex (nBR) is reduced interictally in migraine patients. This could be related to the habituation deficit of evoked cortical responses, a reproducible abnormality in migraine which has a familial character, or to central trigeminal sensitization...

  • Role of practice and stimulus-onset-asynchrony in modulating effects of stimulus repetition,... Zhang, Huazhong // Perceptual & Motor Skills;Jun97 Part 1, Vol. 84 Issue 3, p1087 

    Describes the role of practice and stimulus-onset-asynchrony in modulating effects of stimulus repetition category relation and response compatibility in the Eriksen flanker task. Experiments designed to determine the variations of effects with practice and stimulus-onset-asynchrony; Effects of...

  • Infants' responses to real humans and representations of humans. Heron, Michelle; Slaughter, Virginia // International Journal of Behavioral Development;Jan2010, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p34 

    Infants' responses to typical and scrambled human body shapes were assessed in relation to the realism of the human body stimuli presented. In four separate experiments, infants were familiarized to typical human bodies and then shown a series of scrambled human bodies on the test. Looking...

  • Social evaluation by preverbal infants. Hamlin, J. Kiley; Wynn, Karen; Bloom, Paul // Nature;11/22/2007, Vol. 450 Issue 7169, p557 

    The capacity to evaluate other people is essential for navigating the social world. Humans must be able to assess the actions and intentions of the people around them, and make accurate decisions about who is friend and who is foe, who is an appropriate social partner and who is not. Indeed, all...

  • MEMORY PROCESSES AND CATEGORIZATION IN INFANCY. Oakes, Lisa M.; Kovack-Lesh, Kristine A. // Cognitie, Creier, Comportament/Cognition, Brain, Behavior;Dec2007, Vol. 11 Issue 4, p661 

    Because categorization is a real-time, dynamic process, infants' categorization and memory are intertwined. When familiarized with a series of items from one category and then tested with new items from that category and different categories, infants' memory processes are engaged, and their...

  • The perception of subjective contours and neon color spreading figures in young infants. Kavšek, Michael // Attention, Perception & Psychophysics;Feb2009, Vol. 71 Issue 2, p412 

    The goal of the present habituation-dishabituation study was to explore sensitivity to subjective contours and neon color spreading patterns in infants. The first experiment was a replication of earlier investigations that showed evidence that even young infants are capable of perceiving...

  • Perception and the Awareness of God: The Importance of Neuronal Habituation in the Context of the Jewish and Christian Faiths. Drubach, Daniel A.; Claassen, Daniel O. // Journal of Religion & Health;Dec2008, Vol. 47 Issue 4, p541 

    One of the most significant existential dilemmas for the religious person is the discrepancy between the assertion that God is everywhere and eternally present, and the inability to become aware of His presence. In this paper, we discuss how developments in our understanding of the...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics