TITLE

INCIDENCIA DE LAS MALARIAS GESTACIONAL, CONGÉNITA Y PLACENTARIA EN URABÁ (ANTIOQUIA, COLOMBIA), 2005-2007

AUTHOR(S)
Carmona-Fonseca, Jaime; Maestre-B., Amanda
PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecologia;2009, Vol. 60 Issue 1, p19
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Introduction: gestational (GM), congenital (CM) and placental malaria (PM) and associated mortality frequency in Colombia remains unknown, as does GM's clinical features. Objectives: estimating GM, PM and CM prevalence and incidence and mortality caused by GM and CM and describing GM's symptoms and signs. Methodology: this was a descriptive study of pregnant women aged 15-44, their children and placentas; it had longitudinal (cohort) and crosssectional components. The pregnant women were recruited during their prenatal visits and in the delivery rooms of three towns in Urabá (Antioquia, Colombia) from 2005-2007. Results: 2,117 pregnant women were evaluated: a) cohort: n=1,927 women with at least two reviews of thick smear; b) cross-sectional group: n=190 women having had just a thick smear examination (during prenatal consultation or childbirth). There were 220 cases of GM according to thick smear for Plasmodium (76% P. vivax, 22% P. falciparum, 2% mixed malaria). GM prevalence was 10.39%, GM incidence 9.28%, 9.01 per 100 women per week GM incidence rate, 2.7% CM and 11.7% PM prevalence. The symptoms and signs found in pregnant women suffering from GM agreed with those for pregnant and non-pregnant women. There were no deaths amongst the 220 pregnant women who had malaria or amongst the five children who presented CM. Conclusions: GM, CM and PM frequencies indicated that these types of malaria are public health problems amongst pregnant women and infants in Uraba.
ACCESSION #
40303264

 

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