Interfacial electronic structures of C60 molecules on a K-doped CuPc surface

Chiu-Ping Cheng; Wen-Yen Chen; Ching-Hsuan Wei; Tun-Wen Pi
May 2009
Applied Physics Letters;5/18/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 20, p203303
Academic Journal
The evolution of interfacial electronic structures of C60 on a K-doped CuPc surface is studied via synchrotron-radiation photoemission spectroscopy. Layer-by-layer growth has been identified. As the heterointerface formed, the K diffuses into the C60 overlayer, and transfers negative charge into the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) of C60, resulting in a significant interfacial dipole potential. With K doping, increased photon absorption, due to the existence of gap states, and an enhanced energy-level difference between the LUMO of C60 and the highest occupied molecular orbital of CuPc could possibly improve the efficiency of organic photovoltaic devices.


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