TITLE

Cardiopulmonary bypass management and acute renal failure: risk factors and prognosis

AUTHOR(S)
Sirvinskas, E.; Andrejaitiene, J.; Raliene, L.; Nasvytis, L.; Karbonskiene, A.; Pilvinis, V.; Sakalauskas, J.
PUB. DATE
November 2008
SOURCE
Perfusion;Nov2008, Vol. 23 Issue 6, p323
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The aim of the study was to investigate if acute renal failure (ARF) following cardiac surgery is influenced by CPB perfusion pressure and to determine risk factors of ARF. Our research consisted of two studies. In the first study, 179 adult patients with normal preoperative renal function who had been subjected to cardiac surgery on CPB were randomized into three groups. The mean perfusion pressure (PP) during CPB in Group 65 (68 patients) was 60-69.9 mmHg, in Group 55 (59 patients) - lower than 60 mmHg and in Group 75 (52 patients) - 70 mmHg and higher. We have analyzed postoperative variables: central venous pressure, the need for diuretics, urine output, fluid balance, acidosis, potassium level in blood serum, the need for hemotransfusions, nephrological, cardiovascular and respiratory complications, duration of artificial lung ventilation, duration of stay in ICU and in hospital, and mortality. In the second study, to identify the risk factors for the development of ARF following CPB, we retrospectively analysed data of all 179 patients, divided into two groups: patients who developed ARF after surgery (group with ARF, n = 19) and patients without ARF (group without ARF, n = 160). We found that urine output during surgery was statistically significantly lower in Group 55 than in Groups 65 and 75. The incidence of ARF in the early postoperative period did not differ among the groups: it developed in 6% of all patients in Group 65, 4% in Group 55 and 6% in Group 75. There were no differences in the rate of other complications (cardiovascular, respiratory, neurological disorders, bleeding, etc) among the groups. There were 19 cases of ARF (10.6%), but none of these patients needed dialysis. We found that age (70.0 ± 7.51 vs. 63.5 ± 10.54 [standard deviation, SD], P = 0.016), valve replacement and/or reconstruction surgery (57.9% vs. 27.2%, P = 0,011), combined valve and CABG surgery (15.8% vs. 1.4%, P = 0.004), duration of CPB (134.74 ± 62.02 vs. 100.59 ± 43.99 min., P = 0.003) and duration of aortic cross-clamp (75.11 ± 35.78 vs. 53.45 ± 24.19 min., P = 0.001) were the most important independent risk factors for ARF. Cardiopulmonary bypass perfusion pressure did not cause postoperative renal failure. The age of patient, valve surgery procedures, duration of cardiopulmonary bypass and duration of aorta cross-clamp are potential causative factors for acute renal failure after cardiac surgery.
ACCESSION #
40104126

 

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