Energy Supply, Demand and Environmental Analysis -- A Case Study of Indian Energy Scenario

Saradhi, I. V.; Pandit, G. G.; Puranik, V. D.
March 2009
Proceedings of World Academy of Science: Engineering & Technolog;Mar2009, Vol. 51, p593
Academic Journal
Increasing concerns over climate change have limited the liberal usage of available energy technology options. India faces a formidable challenge to meet its energy needs and provide adequate energy of desired quality in various forms to users in sustainable manner at reasonable costs. In this paper, work carried out with an objective to study the role of various energy technology options under different scenarios namely base line scenario, high nuclear scenario, high renewable scenario, low growth and high growth rate scenario. The study has been carried out using Model for Energy Supply Strategy Alternatives and their General Environmental Impacts (MESSAGE) model which evaluates the alternative energy supply strategies with user defined constraints on fuel availability, environmental regulations etc. The projected electricity demand, at the end of study period i.e. 2035 is 500490 MWYr. The model predicted the share of the demand by Thermal: 428170 MWYr, Hydro: 40320 MWYr, Nuclear: 14000 MWYr, Wind: 18000 MWYr in the base line scenario. Coal remains the dominant fuel for production of electricity during the study period. However, the import dependency of coal increased during the study period. In baseline scenario the cumulative carbon dioxide emissions upto 2035 are about 11,000 million tones of CO2. In the scenario of high nuclear capacity the carbon dioxide emissions reduced by 10 % when nuclear energy share increased to 9 % compared to 3 % in baseline scenario. Similarly aggressive use of renewables reduces 4 % of carbon dioxide emissions.


Related Articles

  • The structure of the flower–insect visitor system in tall-grass prairie. Robson, Diana Bizecki // Botany;Nov2008, Vol. 86 Issue 11, p1266 

    Tall-grass prairie is endangered by habitat loss and fragmentation, and climate change. Flower-visiting-insect activity on two tall-grass prairie communities, one larger and more mesic than the other, was examined to determine network structure, and temporal and spatial variation....

  • The Abrupt Shift of Typhoon Activity in the Vicinity of Taiwan and Its Association with Western North Pacific–East Asian Climate Change. Jien-Yi Tu; Chia Chou; Pao-Shin Chu // Journal of Climate;Jul2009, Vol. 22 Issue 13, p3617 

    Bayesian analysis is applied to detect changepoints in the time series of seasonal typhoon counts in the vicinity of Taiwan. An abrupt shift in the typhoon count series occurs in 2000. On average, 3.3 typhoons per year have been noted before 2000 (1970–99), with the rate increasing to 5.7...

  • Customization of RegCM3 Regional Climate Model for Eastern Africa and a Tropical Indian Ocean Domain. Davis, Neil; Bowden, Jared; Semazzi, Fredrick; Lian Xie; Önol, Bariş // Journal of Climate;Jul2009, Vol. 22 Issue 13, p3595 

    Rainfall is a driving factor of climate in the tropics and needs to be properly represented within a climate model. This study customizes the precipitation processes over the tropical regions of eastern Africa and the Indian Ocean using the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP)...

  • Analyzing the Climate Sensitivity of the HadSM3 Climate Model Using Ensembles from Different but Related Experiments. Rougier, Jonathan; Sexton, David M. H.; Murphy, James M.; Stainforth, David // Journal of Climate;Jul2009, Vol. 22 Issue 13, p3540 

    Global climate models (GCMs) contain imprecisely defined parameters that account, approximately, for subgrid-scale physical processes. The response of a GCM to perturbations in its parameters, which is crucial for quantifying uncertainties in simulations of climate change, can—in...

  • Divergence pitfalls in tree-ring research. Esper, Jan; Frank, David // Climatic Change;Jun2009, Vol. 94 Issue 3/4, p261 

    The authors reflect on the divergence phenomenon (DP) techniques in tree-ring climatic change research. They describe several number of pitfalls that may be encountered that may be encountered when processing and analyzing tree-ring and temperature data, leading to accidental detection of DP....

  • Impacts of climate extremes on activity sectors — stakeholders’ perspective. Kundzewicz, Z. W.; Giannakopoulos, C.; Schwarb, M.; Stjernquist, I.; Schlyter, P.; Szwed, M.; Palutikof, J. // Theoretical & Applied Climatology;2008, Vol. 93 Issue 1/2, p117 

    Significant changes in the climatic system have been observed, which may be attributed to human-enhanced greenhouse effect. Even stronger changes are projected for the future, impacting in an increasing way on human activity sectors. The present contribution, prepared in the framework of the...

  • A theoretical framework for the sampling error variance for three-dimensional climate averages of ICOADS monthly ship data. Morrissey, Mark L.; Greene, J. Scott // Theoretical & Applied Climatology;2009, Vol. 96 Issue 3/4, p235 

    Meteorological and oceanographic data from ships of opportunity are the largest contributor to the world’s ocean surface database and thus are extensively used to estimate the change in climatic properties over the world’s oceans during the previous 150 years. The importance of...

  • Culture dish.  // Nature;5/22/2008, Vol. 453 Issue 7194, p453 

    The article offers updates on research and development related to science. A rapidly changing world and vast Universe is the theme of the 55th Carnegie International. Gardeners are the canaries of climate change to notice buds blooming early. The many shades of light in art and science are the...

  • Personality type differences between Ph.D. climate researchers and the general public: implications for effective communication. Weiler, C.; Keller, Jason; Olex, Christina // Climatic Change;May2012, Vol. 112 Issue 2, p233 

    Effectively communicating the complexity of climate change to the public is an important goal for the climate change research community, particularly for those of us who receive public funds. The challenge of communicating the science of climate change will be reduced if climate change...


Other Topics