Avicenna's Canon of Medicine and Modern Urology Part II: Bladder Calculi

Madineh, Seyed Mohammad Ali
January 2009
Urology Journal;Jan2009, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p63
Academic Journal
In the previous issue of the Urology Journal, a comparison of Avicenna's Canon of Medicine with modern urologic findings was done in part I of this article, addressing bladder anatomy and physiology and bladder calculi. In part II of this review, the remaining chapters of the Canon of Medicine on bladder calculi are reviewed. Avicenna points to perineal urethrostomy (perineostomy), which is today performed as the last therapeutic line or as a temporary remedy before surgical treatment. He also describes surgery via transperineal route and warns the surgeon of the proximity of vasa deferentia, prostate gland, and neurovascular bundle and their exposure in this position. Usage of grasping forceps for removal of bladder calculus and emphasis on removing all calculus fragments are the interesting points of this chapter. Avicenna explains a technique similar to the use of a Babcock forceps for prevention of calculus migration. Complications of bladder calculus surgery and cystotomy are also addressed with scientific precision in the canon. It is noteworthy that 8 centuries before Fournier described necrotizing fasciitis in male genitalia, Avicenna had described Fournier gangrene in his book.


Related Articles

  • vas deferens. Peters, Michael // BMA A-Z Family Medical Encyclopedia;2004, p783 

    An encyclopedia entry for "vas deferens" is presented. It is a medical term for the part of the male anatomy whose function is transporting sperm from each testis to the uretha during ejaculation. Urethra serves as a passage for semen and urine when they are expelled through the penis. Vasa...

  • Zinner's Syndrome. MCADAMS, SEAN; SCHOMBURG, JOHN; SWEET, ROBERT M. // Minnesota Medicine;Oct2014, Vol. 97 Issue 10, p40 

    The article describes the case of a healthy 54-year-old male with Zinner's syndrome, a triad of mullerian duct abnormalities. Topics mentioned include the irritative symptoms and pain of the patient, atresia demonstrated by the right vas deferens during dissection, and computed tomography...

  • MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM. Donhoffer, Hilda; Filosa, Michael F. // Wellness Options;2007, Issue 32, p22 

    This article presents information on the male reproductive system. The system consists of two of each of the testis, epididymis, vans deferens, seminal vesicle, ejaculatory duct, prostate, Cowper's gland and one prostate and urethra. Sperm is formed in the testis but matured in the epididymis....

  • Vasectomy and prostate cancer.  // Bulletin of the World Health Organization;1993, Vol. 71 Issue 2, p262 

    This article focuses on the findings of two studies published in the U.S. which suggested an increased risk of prostate cancer following vasectomy. The studies and other unpublished research were reviewed during a meeting of the National Institutes of Health from March 1-2, 1993, with...

  • Mechanism Of The Sexual Transmission Of Disease. Chacon, Rafael // Internet Journal of Urology;2006, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p15 

    The article presents an experiment to understand the mechanism of the sexual transmission of disease. An experiment which shows that the prostate plays an essential role in the sexual transmission of disease was performed. The experiment shows that the apparatus composed of the prostate and the...

  • Sparing of the penile bulb and proximal penile structures with intensity-modulated radiation therapy for prostate cancer. Kao J; Turian J; Meyers A; Hamilton R J; Smith B; Vijayakumar S; Jani A B // British Journal of Radiology;Feb2004, Vol. 77 Issue 914, p129 

    Quality of life is an important consideration in the treatment of early prostate cancer. Laboratory and clinical data suggest that higher radiation doses delivered to the bulb of penis and proximal penile structures correlates with higher rates of post-radiation impotence. The goal of this...

  • Mode of administration of international prostate symptom score in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms: physician vs self. Cam, K.; Akman, Y.; Cicekci, B.; Senel, F.; Erol, A. // Prostate Cancer & Prostatic Diseases;2004, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p41 

    International prostate symptom score (IPSS) was claimed to be complicated for patients. The aim of this study was to measure differences in IPSS when introduced by a physician vs self-administration. Patients with lower urinary tract symptoms completed two IPSS questionnaires: one...

  • Intranuclear Inclusion Bodies in the Epithelium of the Human Vas Deferens. Chen, Mingkui; Wang, Bo // Internet Journal of Pediatrics & Neonatology;2007, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p4 

    Prominent intranuclear inclusion bodies in epithelial cells of the human vas deferens are common. Four different types of such inclusion bodies have been identified by electron microscopic studies in fertile males. Certain types of these inclusion bodies stain positive for PAS. Although the...

  • Intravasal "Toothpaste" Derived From Vasal Epithelium.  // Fertility Weekly;8/23/2004, p9 

    This article focuses on the study by researcher J.T. Anger and colleagues to explore that in men with segmental dysplasia of the vas deferens, the resulting toothpaste-like intravasal fluid is derived not from sperm but from the vasal epithelium. Physical examinations, semen analysis, and...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics