The American Model of the Multinational Firm and the "New" Multinationals From Emerging Economies

Guill�n, Mauro F.; Garc�a-Canal, Esteban
May 2009
Academy of Management Perspectives;May2009, Vol. 23 Issue 2, p23
Academic Journal
The traditional American model of multinational enterprise (MNE), characterized by foreign direct investment (FDI) aimed at exploiting firm-specific capabilities developed at home and a gradual country-by-country approach of internationalization, dominated the global economy during much of the post-World War II period. In the last two decades, however, new MNEs from emerging, upper-middle-income, or oil-rich countries have followed completely different patterns of international expansion. In this paper we analyze the processes through which these firms became MNEs and to what extent we need a new theory to explain their international growth.


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