Performance Sampling in Social Matches

March, James C.; March, James G.
September 1978
Administrative Science Quarterly;Sep78, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p434
Academic Journal
Many social structures can be viewed as collections of interconnected voluntary social pairings, for example, matches between jobholders and jobs, husbands and wives, or residents and neighborhoods. A general performance sampling model is suggested as a framework for exploring how mutual evaluation within such matches affects their continuation, and thus the structure of matches involved. The model treats continuation in a pairing as a decision made under conditions of imperfect information. It emphasizes the sampling errors involved in using small samples of observations to form judgments about matches. There are indications that the sampling characteristics of the process will often be robust enough to obscure other effects. The specific implications of one version of the model are shown to agree well with general observations from social mobility studies and more specific data from Wisconsin school superintendents. The implications of performance sampling for understanding careers in organizations and social pairings more generally are discussed. In contrast to an earlier paper, which explored major features of the gross structure of matches between superintendencies and superintendents, the present paper looks at the fine structure of the ways in which individuals leave jobs. The attempt is both to illuminate how a particular system of careers might arise from a series of elementary decisions with respect to job exits, and to connect a theory of organizational careers more explicitly with theories of other social pairings.


Related Articles

  • Arbeitsteilung, strukturelle Mobilität und Klassenbildung. Eine theoretische Perspektive für die Mobilitätsforschung. Bornschier, Volker // Zeitschrift für Soziologie;apr1981, Vol. 10 Issue 2, p117 

    Several theoretical points in order to overcome shortcomings in occupational mobility research are suggested. A reorientation of occupational mobility research towards an investigation of the sources and consequences of structural mobility is recommended. The proposed theory addresses major...

  • Social Mobility among Men: A Comparison of Neo-Marxian and Weberian Class Models. Jian Hong Li; Singelmann, Joachim // European Sociological Review;Mar1999, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p1 

    In this study we operationalize neo-Marxian (Wright) and Weberian (Goldthorpe) class concepts and compare mobility patterns across three industrial countries (the United States, Sweden, and the former West Germany), using data from the Comparative Project on Class Structure and Class...

  • IMAGES AND PREDICATION:THE USE OF SUBJECTIVE OCCUPATIONAL HIERARCHIES. Coxon, Anthony P. M.; Jones, Charles L. // Quality & Quantity;Apr79, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p121 

    It is now no longer seriously disputed that accounts of social stratification - or at least those based upon information from individual subjects - need some means of grounding their data in the subjects own conceptions of the social world. Yet conventional studies have resisted this conclusion...

  • Stratification Research in Switzerland: where are we at? Levy, René; Suter, Christian // Swiss Journal of Sociology;2002, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p181 

    This article discusses the topic of social stratification, especially in Switzerland. The authors describe the efforts, or lack thereof, to try to research the system of social inequality in the country. Certain factors that contribute to inequality are discussed, including income, education,...

  • Predicting Voluntary and Involuntary Turnover Using Absenteeism and Performance Indices. Stumpf, Stephen A.; Dawley, Patricia Kelly // Academy of Management Journal;Mar1981, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p148 

    Absenteeism and performance indices accounted for substantial variance in bank teller voluntary turnover (resignation) and involuntary turnover (dismissal). Predictor and criteria relationships changed substantially for individuals newly employed in 1977-78 compared to 1970-76; however,...

  • In baseball, it's three strikes you're out. FEUER, MICHAEL // Smart Business Cleveland;Nov2016, Vol. 28 Issue 3, p90 

    The article presents suggestions on dealing with employees who quits a company. It is stated that when given a chance, people who previously left a more progressive and open-minded organization subsequently come back to be superstar challenge. It is noted that there is a significant advantage to...

  • Evidence of the construct validity of developmental ratings of managerial performance. Scullen, Steven E.; Mount, Michael K.; Judge, Timothy A. // Journal of Applied Psychology;Feb2003, Vol. 88 Issue 1, p50 

    The construct validity of developmental ratings of managerial performance was assessed by using 2 data sets, each based on a different 360 degrees rating instrument. Specifically, the authors investigated the nature of the constructs measured by developmental ratings, the structural...

  • SOME TENDENCIES TOWARD A CLOSED CLASS SYSTEM IN THE UNITED STATES. Hertzler, J. O. // Social Forces;Mar52, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p313 

    The article presents sociological analysis of social mobility upon the societal organizations and the institutions that serve both as social "ladders" or "staircases" for vertical circulation and as "sieves" or "sifters" which test and select, sort and grade the members of the population, and...

  • Caste Systems. Wienclaw, Ruth A. // Caste Systems -- Research Starters Sociology;4/1/2018, p1 

    Caste systems are a type of social stratification system, hereditary by nature, and found in some cultures. Considered restrictive to an individual's social mobility, these systems typically result in situations where certain classifications of individuals — based purely on accident of...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics