TITLE

Laparoscopic Splenectomy in Children with Hematological Disorders: Preliminary Experience at the Children's Hospital of New Orleans

AUTHOR(S)
Liu, Donald C.; Meyers, Michael O.; Hill, Charles B.; Loe Jr., William A.
PUB. DATE
December 2000
SOURCE
American Surgeon;Dec2000, Vol. 66 Issue 12, p1168
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Minimally invasive surgery has recently gained acceptance as the surgical approach of choice for a variety of surgical disorders in children. Although traditional open surgery is still regarded as the standard approach for a splenectomy in children when necessary for hematologic disorders a few cases of successful laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) have been reported. We present our initial 11 cases of LS in children assessing surgical outcome. Eleven patients ages 2 through 15 years underwent LS between June of 1996 and July of 1999 at the Children's Hospital of New Orleans. Indications for surgery included idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, congenital spherocytosis, and hemolytic anemia. In all patients the diameter of the spleen was less than 15 cm. Surgical outcome was assessed according to the following parameters: operative time, postoperative length of stay, postoperative morbidity, and cosmetic results. Data were accumulated on the basis of retrospective chart review. LS was completed in all 11 patients. Postoperative morbidity was minimal and the median postoperative stay was 2.4 days (range 1-5). Mean operative time was 3 hours and 10 minutes (range 1.5-7 hours) with the last six procedures completed in an average of just over 2 hours. Intravenous analgesia was discontinued in <48 hours in all patients. Cosmetic results were judged excellent in all cases. We conclude that LS was safe in children with certain hematologic disorders. Adequate selection of patients, appropriate preoperative preparation of patients, meticulous surgical technique, and careful postoperative care were key factors in obtaining the same long-term results as with open surgery.
ACCESSION #
3918318

 

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