Dynamics of normal to diffuse and relaxor phase transition in lead metaniobate-based ferroelectric ceramics

Venet, Michel; M’Peko, Jean-Claude; Zabotto, Fabio Luis; Guerrero, Fidel; Garcia, Ducinei; Eiras, José Antonio
April 2009
Applied Physics Letters;4/27/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 17, p172901
Academic Journal
Tetragonal tungsten bronze-structured materials based on lead metaniobate (PbNb2O6) were studied in terms of thermal dynamics of dielectric properties, showing ferroelectric-to-paraelectric phase transition of diffuse and relaxor type in some specific cases. These features are normally ascribed to defects-induced structural disorder and compositional fluctuations associated with an arbitrary lattice site occupation between dopant and host ions. Nevertheless, for these lead metaniobate-based materials, the drastic change in the phase transition from normal to diffuse and relaxor is shown to take place when dopants are able to significantly shift the transition toward low temperatures, where these compounds are known to exhibit incommensurate superstructures that naturally present diffuse and relaxor dielectric characteristics.


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