Global characteristics of zonal flows due to the effect of finite bandwidth in drift wave turbulence

Uzawa, K.; Jiquan Li; Kishimoto, Y.
April 2009
Physics of Plasmas;Apr2009, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p042304
Academic Journal
The spectral effect of the zonal flow (ZF) on its generation is investigated based on the Charney–Hasegawa–Mima turbulence model. It is found that the effect of finite ZF bandwidth qualitatively changes the characteristics of ZF instability. A spatially localized (namely, global) nonlinear ZF state with an enhanced, unique growth rate for all spectral components is created under a given turbulent fluctuation. It is identified that such state originates from the successive cross couplings among Fourier components of the ZF and turbulence spectra through the sideband modulation. Furthermore, it is observed that the growth rate of the global ZF is determined not only by the spectral distribution and amplitudes of turbulent pumps as usual, but also statistically by the turbulence structure, namely, their probabilistic initial phase factors. A ten-wave coupling model of the ZF modulation instability involving the essential effect of the ZF spectrum is developed to clarify the basic features of the global nonlinear ZF state.


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