Hysterosalpingography pain and discomfort

Ugwu, A. C.; Imo, A. O.; Erondu, O. F.
April 2009
African Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health;Apr-Jun2009, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p95
Academic Journal
The objective was to determine the impact of demographic and psychosocial factors on hysterosalpingography pain and discomfort. One hundred hysterosalpingography referrals were recruited for this study. Verbal detector scales were used to assess pain perceptio and Likert scales were used to assess the psychosocial variables, while visual analogue scales were used to assess discomfort. Pearson's correlations were conducted. Tests were two-tailed with p<0.05 indicating statistical significance. Some of the patients (34%) indicated that administration of analgesics prior to the procedure could reduce the pain and discomfort associated with the procedure. Mean ± standard deviation of pain and discomfort were 2.82 ± 0.77 and 6.36± 2.19 respectively. Age significantly correlated with pain perception (r=-0.22, P<0.05), while pain correlated significantly with perception of discomfort (r=-0.46,P<0.05). Age significantly correlated with pain. This is a factor which could be harnessed for clinical use.


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