TITLE

Preliminary evaluation of a novel smoking system: effects on subjective and physiological measures and on smoking behavior

AUTHOR(S)
Buchhalter, August R.; Eissenberg, Thomas
PUB. DATE
February 2000
SOURCE
Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Feb2000, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p39
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Tobacco companies are responding to public pressure to market less dangerous and aversive products by developing novel smoking systems. The short- and long-term effects of these systems must be evaluated to determine the risks inherent in their use. One such system, the Accord®, uses a hand-held device to heat tobacco electronically and is marketed as a means to reduce second-hand smoke. In this study 10 cigarette smokers (≥ 10 cigarettes per day) were recruited to evaluate the short-term effects produced when using this system. Subjects abstained from smoking for at least 8 h before participating in two experimental sessions where they smoked either their usual brand or used the Accord® at 30-min intervals for 2 hours. Subject-rated measures of tobacco withdrawal and craving, physiological measures, and smoking behavior were assessed within each session. Results show that, when using the Accord®, the magnitude of smoking-induced craving reductions and the physiological effects of smoking were less, and puff volume and frequency were greater than when subjects smoked their own brand of cigarettes. The expired air carbon monoxide increases observed after smoking own brand cigarettes did not occur after using the Accord®. The novel system does not provide maximal withdrawal suppression and produces little increase in expired air carbon monoxide; physiological data suggest that the novel system may deliver nicotine less efficiently than normally marketed cigarettes. Smokers using the Accord® system may smoke more often or more intensely to compensate for decreased withdrawal suppression and/or nicotine delivery.
ACCESSION #
3807915

 

Related Articles

  • THE POLLS: SMOKING. Erskine, Hazel Gaudet // Public Opinion Quarterly;Spring66, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p140 

    Interest in the smoking habit appeared in the annals of public opinion as early as 1935, the first year of modern polling, when the Fortune Survey assessed the prevalence of cigarette smoking nationwide at 37 percent. The latest national inquiry, a 1965 study by researcher Louis Harris, found 47...

  • Stark images published that warn of smoking risk.  // GP: General Practitioner;9/7/2007, p20 

    Two photographs that will be printed on cigarette packets in Great Britain to warn smokers of health risks they face are presented.

  • Changes in Cardiopulmonary Functions Related to Abstinence from Smoking. Krumholz, Richard A.; Chevalier, Robert B; Ross, Joseph C. // Annals of Internal Medicine;Feb65, Vol. 62 Issue 2, p197 

    Evaluates the changes in the cardiopulmonary functions related to abstinence from smoking in a sample of young cigarette smokers. Lung volumes; Mechanics measurements; Pulmonary function studies in ten smokers before and after three weeks of abstinence from smoking.

  • 8 more urgent reasons to quit smoking. Sparkman, Dennis R. // Shape;Jan94, Vol. 13 Issue 5, p19 

    Lists health risks for women smokers. Includes the association between smoking and poor reproductive health; Risk of stroke; Relation between smoking and depression.

  • Cigarette smoking--attributable mortality and years of potential life lost--United States, 1990.  // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;9/22/93, Vol. 270 Issue 12, p1408 

    Estimates the national impact of cigarette smoking on mortality and years of potential life lost. Use of the Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Morbidity, and Economic Cost; Disease category; Male and female smokers; Statistics.

  • Salivary cotinine concentrations in daily smokers in Barcelona, Spain: a cross-sectional study. Fu, Marcela; Fernandez, Esteve; Martínez-Sánchez, Jose M.; Pascual, José A.; Schiaffino, Anna; Agudo, Antoni; Ariza, Carles; Borràs, Josep M.; Samet, Jonathan M. // BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p320 

    Background: Characterizing and comparing the determinant of cotinine concentrations in different populations should facilitate a better understanding of smoking patterns and addiction. This study describes and characterizes determinants of salivary cotinine concentration in a sample of Spanish...

  • Tests prove smokers are weird.  // Ardell Wellness Report;Summer95, Issue 39, p2 

    Reports that smokers were undeterred from their habit by the bogus press release under the name of a leading tobacco company, announcing a recall of cigarettes. Smokers reactions and remarks; Health Promotion Practitioners' ideas for smoking cessation campaigns.

  • Why I don't want to quit. Kittredge, William // Town & Country;Jan94, Vol. 148 Issue 5164, p106 

    Examines the author's defense of cigarette smoking. Childhood; Marriage and pursuit of literary career after Air Force stint; Cigarettes as consolation to marriages; Encounter with kindred soul and acceptance of her smoking habit.

  • Despite anti-smoking laws, kids still light up. Reich, Denise // New York Amsterdam News;1/28/95, Vol. 86 Issue 4, p20 

    Presents the views of three New York City children on the issue of smoking.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics