A Dual Echo Steady State Pulse Sequence in Evaluation of Brain Cerebrospinal Fluid Flow

Moschnegootz, S. V.; Barbarash, L. S.
June 2008
Neuroradiology Journal;Jun2008, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p299
Academic Journal
This paper summarizes our experience of exploiting a Dual Echo Steady State (DESS) pulse sequence for the fast qualitative assessment of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow dynamics at the aqueduct of Sylvius and Monro's foramina levels of the brain liquor pathways using a low-field magnetic resonance imager. Normal and pathologic CSF flow patterns are discussed. The capabilities of the described method as an effective extra tool for deriving the additional diagnostic information via visualization of flow voids in the brain CSF pathways are shown.


Related Articles

  • Concomitant analysis of arterial, venous, and CSF flows using phase-contrast MRI: a quantitative comparison between MS patients and healthy controls. ElSankari, Souraya; Balédent, Olivier; van Pesch, Vincent; Sindic, Christian; de Broqueville, Quentin; Duprez, Thierry // Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism;Sep2013, Vol. 33 Issue 9, p1314 

    Venous dysfunction has recently been hypothesized to contribute to the pathophysiology of multiple sclerosis (MS). 2D phase-contrast (PC) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a non-invasive and innocuous technique enabling reliable quantification of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood flows in...

  • Transparent color-coded three-dimensional diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging for the numerical analysis of reversible and irreversible hyperacute ischemic stroke-case report. Satoh, T.; Omi, M.; Ohsako, C.; Ekino, C. // Neuroradiology;Apr2005, Vol. 47 Issue 4, p245 

    Although diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can detect hyperacute ischemic parenchyma with high sensitivity, the ability of DW images to reveal subtle change in abnormal diffusion may be limited by the conventional visual evaluation. To overcome the limitation, we have...

  • In Vivo Methods to Estimate Drug Transport to the Brain Across the Blood-Brain Barrier. de Boer, A. G.; Gaillard, P. J. // Medicinal Chemistry Reviews - Online;Apr2005, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p127 

    In this paper, we review the in vivo methods to estimate drug transport to the brain. These vary from invasive ones like the brain uptake index (BUI), multiple pass techniques, brain efflux index (BEI), in situ brain perfusion, CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) sampling (unit impulse response),...

  • Sinus Thrombosis in a Patient with Intracranial Hypotension: a Suggested Hypothesis of Venous Stasis A Case Report. YOON, K-W.; CHO, M-K.; KIM, Y. J.; CHO, C. S.; LEE, S-K. // Interventional Neuroradiology;jun2011, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p248 

    We describe the case of a 26-year-old man with orthostatic headache. Cerebral angiography revealed thrombosis in the sagittal sinus. Spine MRI showed cerebrospinal fluid collection at the Cl-2 level. We performed blood patch and the symptoms disappeared. We report a rare case of intracranial...

  • Interpreting therapeutic effect in multiple sclerosis via MRI contrast enhancing lesions: now you see them, now you don't. Leppert, Ilana; Narayanan, S.; Araújo, D.; Giacomini, P.; Lapierre, Y.; Arnold, D.; Pike, G. // Journal of Neurology;Apr2014, Vol. 261 Issue 4, p809 

    Gadolinium (Gd) enhancement of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions on MRI scans is a commonly used outcome measure in therapeutic trials. However, enhancement depends on MRI acquisition parameters that might significantly alter detectability. We investigated how the difference in blood-brain barrier...

  • Spontaneous low cerebrospinal pressure: a mini review. Grimaldi, D.; Mea, E.; Chiapparini, L.; Ciceri, E.; Nappini, S.; Savoiardo, M.; Castelli, M.; Cortelli, P.; Carriero, M.R.; Leone, M.; Bussone, G. // Neurological Sciences;Oct2004 Supplement 3, Vol. 25, ps135 

    Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a syndrome of low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure characterised by postural headaches in patients without any history of dural puncture or penetrating trauma. Described by Schaltenbrand in 1938, SIH is thought to result from an occult CSF leak...

  • A mathematical model of blood, cerebrospinal fluid and brain dynamics. Linninger, Andreas A.; Xenos, Michalis; Sweetman, Brian; Ponkshe, Sukruti; Xiaodong Guo; Penn, Richard // Journal of Mathematical Biology;Dec2009, Vol. 59 Issue 6, p729 

    Using first principles of fluid and solid mechanics a comprehensive model of human intracranial dynamics is proposed. Blood, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and brain parenchyma as well as the spinal canal are included. The compartmental model predicts intracranial pressure gradients, blood and CSF...

  • Traumatic Fronto-Ethmoidal Encephalocele: A Rare Case. Cullu, Nesat; Deveer, Mehmet; Karakas, Ekrem; Karakas, Omer; Bozkus, Ferhat; Celik, Bahattin // Eurasian Journal of Medicine;Feb2015, Vol. 47 Issue 1, p69 

    Encephalocele is defined as herniation of the brain tissue from a bone defect in the cranium. It may be congenital, traumatic, tumoural or develop spontaneously. Traumatic fronto-ethmoidal encephalocele is rare and should be kept in mind for patients who have suffered trauma. Early diagnosis is...

  • Galvos smegenų arterioveninÄ—s malformacijos radiologinÄ— diagnostika. Krajevaitė, I.; Gleiznienė, R.; Žvinienė, K. // Neurologijos Seminarai;2009, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p156 

    Arteriovenous malformations are masses of abnormal blood vessels which grow in the brain. They consist of a blood vessel "nidus" (nest) through which arteries connect directly to veins instead of through the elaborate collection of capillaries. This is rare however approximately 0.14-0.52% of...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics