Scanning Electron Microscopy and Energy Dispersive Analysis of Machined Denture Base Surfaces

Radford, David R.; Walter, John D.; Challacombe, Stephen J.
May 1997
International Journal of Prosthodontics;May/Jun1997, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p222
Academic Journal
To relate the characteristics of rotary instruments to the surfaces they produce, acrylic resin, Molloplast B, and Novus were investigated with energy dispersive analysis and scanning electron microscopy (secondary and backscatter images) before and after machining. The chemical composition of cutting instruments, material surfaces, and residues was identified. Machined debris embedded in Molloplast B after machining with the Molloplast stone was found to contain a mean lead content of 45%. High concentrations of barium sulphate were discovered on the arbor band-machined surface of Novus. These differences were related to clinically appropriate instrumentation, and, therefore, biocompatability studies that intimately relate to the in vivo situation should be considered for new materials.


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