Shoulder Injuries in the Throwing Athlete

Braun, Sepp; Kokmeyer, Dirk; Millett, Peter J.
April 2009
Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, American Volume;Apr2009, Vol. 91-A Issue 4, p966
Academic Journal
... Pathologic conditions in the shoulder of a throwing athlete frequently represent a breakdown of multiple elements of the shoulder restraint system, both static and dynamic, and also a breakdown in the kinetic chain. ... Physical therapy and rehabilitation should be, with only a few exceptions, the primary treatment for throwing athletes before operative treatment is considered. ... Articular-sided partial rotator cuff tears and superior labral tears are common in throwing athletes. Operative treatment can be successful when nonoperative measures have failed. ... Throwing athletes who have a glenohumeral internal rotation deficit have a good response, in most cases, to stretching of the posteroinferior aspect of the capsule.


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