TITLE

Morbilidad infecciosa gastrointestinal y respiratoria en lactantes amamantados

AUTHOR(S)
Ruiz-Garcia, Javier; Casimiro Pantoja, Baltazar; Perez-Gonzalez, Magdalena
PUB. DATE
January 1998
SOURCE
Perinatologia y Reproduccion Humana;ene-mar1998, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p34
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
RESUMEN La leche materna protege de las infecciones diarreicas y respiratorias, ante la disminución de esta práctica.Objetivo: Evaluar la morbilidad infecciosa tanto gastrointestinal como respiratoria en lactantes amantados.Material y métodos:Se realizó un estudio prospectivo, longitudinal que incluyó al 2% de lactantes y madres de Morelia, Mich. El muestreo fue aleatorio simple, lo que significó seleccionar 260 binomios. Los niños se alimentaron exclusivamente al seno materno hasta el año y con ablactación normada por UNICEF, se revisaron cada mes.Resultados: Se encontraron 12 niños con diarrea leve, 90 con infecciones respiratorias leves y 158 sanos; en 30 casos recibieron antibiótico por cinco días . No hubo defunciones. Un 29% fueron madres menores de 20 años, la mayoría primigestas, con escolaridad media, dedicadas al hogar y nivel socioeconómico medio bajo.Recomendaciones: fomentar el amamantamiento hasta el año de edad, control sistemático de los niños en consulta, proscripción de leche industrializada en el primer año de vida y fortalecer la educación sexual.PALABRAS GUIA: Leche materna, infección enteral respiratoria.ABSTRACT The milk from mothers, protects from diarreic and respiratory infection, thru this practic has had a disminution.Objective: To evaluate the gastrointestinal and respiratory infecious morbilidity in breast feedingMethods. A prospective and longitudinal study to 2% from kids and mothers from Morelia, Mich. They were chosen by randomization simple ways, which meant selecting 260 kids and mothers. Neonates were exclusively breast-feeding until the year of life and with UNICEF ´s normativity for ablaction, they were checked every month.Results: We found12 kids with few diarreic symptoms, 90 with a low respiratory infection and 158 were all right ; 30 recived antibiotic by five...
ACCESSION #
3747622

 

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