TITLE

Hábitos de la lactancia materna y factores predisponentes del destete precoz en poblaciones rurales de Chapa de Corzo, Chiapas

AUTHOR(S)
Megcjun-López, Gabriel Antonio; Beltrán, Sandra
PUB. DATE
January 1998
SOURCE
Perinatologia y Reproduccion Humana;ene-mar1998, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p28
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
RESUMEN Introducción. De acuerdo al Instituto Nacional de Estadística Greografía e Informática (INEGI) para el estado de Chiapas entre 1991-92, el 25% de las muertes en menores de un año fueron ocasionadas por enfermedades diarréicas y el 35% a problemas respiratorios. Por otra parte se encuentran bien documentados los efectos benéficos de la leche humana en la prevención de estas patologías.Objetivo: Analizar las prácticas de lactancia materna y destete para encontrar los factores que ocasionan el abandono precoz de la lactancia materna exclusiva.Material y métodos: Se estudiaron en tres comunidades rurales de Chapa de Corzo, Chiapas, a todas las mujeres (n=166) que tuvieran hijos con edades de 6 a 45 meses.Resultados. Se encontró que las madres menores de 25 años, tuvieron dos veces mayor riesgo de destete precoz (antes de los cuatro meses de edad del bebé). Cuando se analizó la escolaridad se vio que a mayor escolaridad se destetó mas frecuentemente. Cuando las madres no habían sido capacitadas tuvieron dos veces mayor riesgo de abandonar la lactancia y cuando ellas manifestaron conocer los beneficios de la leche materna de manera informal no hubo factor de protección. En las tres comunidades todas las madres inician con alimentación al seno materno posterior al parto, sin embargo el 29.5% de los niños son destetados antes de los cuatro meses de edad. Las madres atribuyen principalmente el destete a la falta de suficiencia en la secreción láctea y a rechazo por parte del bebé.Conclusiones. La alimentación al seno materno es una práctica prevalente en las comunidades rurales, estudiadas, sin embargo las madres destetan precozmente, favoreciendo los riesgos de enfermedades diarréicas en los niños y acortamiento de los períodos intergenésicos. Esta conducta ob...
ACCESSION #
3747621

 

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