Peso, talla y estado de salud según tipo de lactancia en menores de seis meses de edad que acuden a una unidad de medicina familiar de León, Guanajuato

Angel Luna-Ruiz, Miguel; Guadalupe Muñoz-Torres, Claudia; Garcia-Agulera, M Minerva
January 1998
Perinatologia y Reproduccion Humana;ene-mar1998, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p17
Academic Journal
RESUMEN Objetivo: Comparar el peso, talla y frecuencia de diarreas e infecciones respiratorias en los menores de seis meses, según el tipo de lactancia en la unidad de medicina familiar # 47 del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social de León,Gto.Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio comparativo, longitudinal y prospectivo de enero a junio de 1995, con 204 recién nacidos. De estos se eligieron al azar a 33 que llevaron lactancia materna durante seis meses para compararlos con 78 lactantes que les proporcionaron lactancia materna y/o mixta. Se evaluaron mensualmente a los lactantes, peso, talla, frecuencia de enfermedades respiratorias agudas y diarreas.Resultados: El peso siempre fue mejor en los alimentados con lactancia materna, la talla fue ligeramente menor con una p > 0.05 con una equivalencia de crecimiento y nutrición mejores que el grupo alimentado con lactancia artificial. Se encontró mayor proporción de desnutridos en los niños que recibían lactancia artificial p> 0.05. La frecuencia de infecciones respiratorias y diarreicas son mayores en los lactantes que reciben otro tipo de lactancia p = 0.01Conclusiones: La promoción del uso de lactancia materna debe de continuar en todas las instituciones de salud para disminuir el número de infecciones respiratorias y de diarreas. El disminuir la frecuencia de estas enfermedades, también disminuyen las cifras de mortalidad en los menores de seis meses.PALABRAS GUIA: Lactancia, crecimiento, infecciones, Leon, Guanajuato.ABSTRACT Objective: To compare weight, height, frequencies of diarrhea and acute respiratory disease in 6 months old infants, according to they were fed into family clinic # 47 from the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, León., Gto.Materials and Methods: A comparative, longitudinal and prospective study was performed from January to June 1995, with 204 newborns. 33 babies were randomized ...


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