TITLE

Caries por biberón en una unidad de medicina familiar

AUTHOR(S)
Blanco-Ortega, Ricardo; CataÑo-Barrios, Tonantzin
PUB. DATE
January 1998
SOURCE
Perinatologia y Reproduccion Humana;ene-mar1998, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p11
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
RESUMEN Objetivo: Determinar los factores causales y el rado de caries por biberón.Material y métodos: Es un estudio observacional, transversal y descriptivo, en el que se seleccionaron un total de 96 niños derecho habientes atendidos en el servicio de odontología preventiva de 1 a 6 años de edad, ambos sexos, que presentaron caries y con el antecedente de tomar o haber tomado biberón al dormirse. Se aplicó una encuesta odontograma para determinar los principales factores causales de caries por biberón (ingredientes, contenidos, hábito de dormir con el biberón, tiempo de exposición al biberón e información de las madres sobre las repercusiones atribuidas al biberón.Resultados: El promedio de edad fue de 3.5 años con un tiempo de exposición al dormir de dos años, de acuerdo a su edad, los niños deberían tener 20 dientes de los cuales se encuentran afectados 9 en promedio por cualquier grado de caries.En la relación a los grupos de edad y el grado de caries se encontró que del total de dentición decidua sana que debería de tener el grupo de estudio, los resultados fueron los siguientes afectados 818 (43%), en grado 1 (13%), en grado 2 (24%), en grado 3 (32%) y en grado 4 (31%). Con relación al grupo de dos años (12 niños) se encuentra que el grado 3 tiene un 30% y el grado 4 18% del total de dientes afectados en este grupo. En lo que se refiere a las zonas afectadas de la boca, son los dientes anteriores superiores los mas afectados con un 48%, siguiendo en orden de frecuencia los posteriores inferiores con 32%. De acuerdo a los ingredientes contenidos en el biberón al dormirse fue la leche con azúcar 42%, y la leche con chocolate 40%, cabe hacer notar que existe muy poca información de las madres sobre las repercusiones de dormir al niño con el biber...
ACCESSION #
3747618

 

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