Newell, Maxine; Modeste, Naomi; Marshak, Helen Hopp; Wilson, Coiwick
January 2009
Ethnicity & Disease;Winter2009, Vol. 19 Issue 1, p35
Academic Journal
In the United Kingdom, the morbidity and mortality associated with hypertension is much higher in Blacks than in Whites. We studied a convenience sample of 312 persons aged 25- 79 years from 1 7 predominantly Black Seventh-Day Adventist churches across London by using the health belief model to examine their beliefs about the prevention of hypertension. A questionnaire was used to collect demographic and anthropometric data, lifestyle practices, and perceptions toward hypertension by using the health belief model constructs of susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers, and self- efficacy. A relative risk estimate score was developed to assess the presence of several risk factors of hypertension for each participant. Based on multiple regression analyses, the demographic variables were independent predictors of systolic blood pressure (R²=.195), the combined behavioral variable (risk score) was an independent predictor of diastolic blood pressure (13=18, P=.02), and self- efficacy was the only independent variable significantly associated with risk scores (13=-.21, P=.008). The perception of self-efficacy to perform behaviors that will decrease hypertension risk needs to be effectively harnessed by health educators to decrease the prevalence of hypertension in this population.


Related Articles

  • ASCRIBING MEANING TO HYPERTENSION: A QUALITATIVE STUDY AMONG AFRICAN AMERICANS WITH UNCONTROLLED HYPERTENSION. Boutin-Foster, Carla; Ogedegbe, Gbenga; Ravenell, Joseph E.; Robbins, Laura; Charlson, Mary E. // Ethnicity & Disease;Winter2007, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p29 

    The article presents a study which aims to elicit the perceptions of African American patients on the meaning of hypertension and to identify the personal, social, and environmental factors that might influence their perception. The study found that some patients have difficulty ascribing a...

  • Concepções sobre saúde e doença de famílias que convivem com a hipertensão arterial: um estudo qualitativo. de Lima Lopes, Mislaine Casagrande; Marcon, Sonia Silva // Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing;2009, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p9 

    Introduction: Arterial hypertension is a chronic disease of multi-factorial nature and, for its control the importance of changing life habits related with feeding, regular physical exercises, quit smoking, and the correct use of the medication has been emphasized. The incorporation of the...

  • Health Behavior Correlates Among Colon Cancer Survivors: NC STRIDES Baseline Results. James, Aimee S.; Campbell, Marci K.; DeVellis, Brenda; Reedy, Jill; Carr, Carol; Sandler, Robert S. // American Journal of Health Behavior;Nov/Dec2006, Vol. 30 Issue 6, p720 

    Objective: To examine health behaviors (fruit/vegetable intake and physical activity) and their association with social cognitive theory (SCT) constructs among colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors (n=304) and comparable non-CRC-affected participants (n=521). Methods: Baseline data were analyzed...

  • Health Behavior and Behavioral Economics: Economic Preferences and Physical Activity Stages of Change in a Low-Income African-American Community. Leonard, Tammy; Shuval, Kerem; de Oliveira, Angela; Skinner, Celette Sugg; Eckel, Catherine; Murdoch, James C. // American Journal of Health Promotion;Mar/Apr2013, Vol. 27 Issue 4, p211 

    Purpose. To examine the relationship between physical activity stages of change and preferences for financial risk and time. Design. A cross-sectional, community-based study Setting. A low-income, urban, African-American neighborhood. Subjects. One hundred sixty-nine adults. Measures....

  • The epidemiology of elevated blood pressure as an estimate for hypertension in Aydın, Turkey. Sönmez, H M; Başak, O; Camcı, C; Baltacı, R; Karazeybek, HŞ; Yazgan, F; Ertin, İ; Çelik, ŞÇ // Journal of Human Hypertension;Jun99, Vol. 13 Issue 6, p399 

    Background: Hypertension is an important public health problem, with some variability of its epidemiological properties in different populations. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hypertension and to determine the hypertension awareness, treatment and...

  • David Version 2.0 goes live.  // Michigan Citizen;6/17/2012, Vol. 34 Issue 32, pA14 

    The article offers information on the lifestyle modification of a 49-year-old former workaholic to improve his health.

  • WHY THE FRENCH GET AWAY WITH IT.  // Accountancy;Dec1995, Vol. 116 Issue 1228, p64 

    Investigates the reason why French people stay healthy despite their high-fat diet and high alcohol intake. Focus on the immunity of the French to heart disease; Analysis of the ingredients in the French diet which result to their healthy condition; Evidence of health benefits of alcohol.

  • One step back. Rubin, Courtney // Shape;Jun2000, Vol. 19 Issue 10, p118 

    Relates the setbacks being experienced by the author after a year of healthy habits. Food cravings; Stresses; Continuation of exercise; Key to emerging from setbacks. INSETS: Stats.;Workout schedule.;What helped me most..

  • Making health habitual. Polak, Louisa // British Journal of General Practice;Feb2013, Vol. 63 Issue 607, p70 

    A letter to the editor is presented in response to the article "Making health habitual: the psychology of "habit-formation" and general practice," by B. Gardner, P. Lally and J. Wardle in the journal's 2012 DOI:10.3399/bjgp12X659466.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics