Predictors of stigma and shame related to sexually transmitted infections: Attitudes, education, and knowledge

Foster, Lyndsay R.; Byers, E. Sandra
September 2008
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality;2008, Vol. 17 Issue 4, p193
Academic Journal
The stigma and shame associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have been identified as barriers to the STI care-seeking process and as contributors to negative psychosocial experiences in response to a STI diagnosis. However, little is known about factors associated with STI- related stigma and STI-related shame. This study of 125 female and 93 male university students examined these associations for factors that included: sexual conservatism, social conservatism, STI knowledge, and perceptions of school-based and home-based STI-related sexual health education. Individuals who scored higher on authoritarianism and sexual conservatism, and who did not have a personal acquaintance with someone who had ever had a STI had higher scores on STI-related stigma over and above the effect of other predictors. Sexual conservatism and dissatisfaction with school- based sexual health education were uniquely associated with higher STI-related shame. STI knowledge and home-based sexual health education were not uniquely associated with either STI-related stigma or shame. The results highlight the importance of social and sexual attitudes for understanding STI- related stigma and shame.


Related Articles

  • WHAT IS THE COLOR OF THE GONORRHEA RIBBON? Gilman, Sander L. // Cultural Politics (Bloomsbury Publishers);Jul2007, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p175 

    Sexual politics in twenty-first century America has taken a rather surprising turn. Given the realities of the stigma still strongly associated with sexually transmitted diseases, the politics of HIV/AIDS is an unusual case study of acceptance in an age of sexual conservatism. This acceptance is...

  • Relationships of Stigma and Shame to Gonorrhea and HIV Screening. Fortenberry, J. Dennis; McFarlane, Mary; Bleakley, Amy; Bull, Sheana; Fishbein, Martin; Grimley, Diane M.; Malotte, C. Kevin; Stoner, Bradley P. // American Journal of Public Health;Mar2002, Vol. 92 Issue 3, p378 

    Objectives. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships between stigma and shame associated with seeking treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and undergoing testing for gonorrhea and HIV. Methods. Participants were 847 males and 1126 females (mean age: 24.9 years) in...

  • Ladies, STDs and The Stigma of Infection. Martini, Kathryn // Just Out;10/1/2010, Vol. 27 Issue 20, p30 

    The article presents the author's view regarding the stigma that can be obtained from sexually transmitted diseases (STD).

  • Visit to a Clinic. Sanford, David // New Republic;12/7/68, Vol. 159 Issue 23, p12 

    Explores the privacy concerns of people in the U.S. that contribute to their hesitation to seek treatment in venereal disease (VD) clinics. Need for effective health education regarding VD; Criticisms on the animated television film released by the American Medical Association to inform the...

  • Sedulus on TV.  // New Republic;12/2/72, Vol. 167 Issue 21, p21 

    Focuses on recommendations of U.S. Federal Communications Commission commissioner Nicholas Johnson to ban television advertising of all over-the-counter drugs. Complaint of Johnson against the sympathetic portrayal of drunks in television comedies; Discussion regarding a brainwash advertisement...

  • Stigma and Discrimination in People Suffering with a Mood Disorder: A Cross-Sectional Study. Lazowski, L.; Koller, M.; Stuart, H.; Milev, R. // Depression Research & Treatment;2012, p1 

    Background. Much research is done on the stigma of mental illness, but little research has been done to characterize these phenomena from the perspective of people with mood disorders. Objective. To characterize the extent to which individuals with bipolar disorder and depression are...

  • Counteracting Stigma in Sexual Health Care Settings. White, Gillian; Mortensen, Annette // Internet Journal of Advanced Nursing Practice;2003, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p49 

    Sexual health clinics and the people who visit them commonly face stigma. Sexually transmitted infections have historically been used to divide people into "clean" and "dirty". A grounded theory study of the work of sixteen nurses in six Sexual Health services in New Zealand was undertaken to...

  • Attitudes about sexual disclosure and perceptions of stigma and shame. Cunningham, S.D.; Tschann, J.; Gurvey, J.E.; Fortenberry, J.D.; Ellen, J.M. // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Oct2002, Vol. 78 Issue 5, p334 

    Objectives: To determine the association between stigma and shame about having a sexually transmitted disease and adolescents' past STD related care seeking; between stigma, shame, and perceptions about disclosure of sexual behaviours to a doctor or nurse; and whether the association of stigma,...

  • Historical perspective of sexually transmitted infections and their control in Peru. García, P. J. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Apr2010, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p242 

    In designing an effective national response to sexually transmitted infections (STIs), one must incorporate a historical perspective of previous efforts that have addressed different aspects of STIs. One must understand who have been the key players, what aspects of STIs were the focus of...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics