186 K operation of terahertz quantum-cascade lasers based on a diagonal design

Kumar, Sushil; Hu, Qing; Reno, John L.
March 2009
Applied Physics Letters;3/30/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 13, p131105
Academic Journal
Resonant-phonon terahertz quantum-cascade lasers operating up to a heat-sink temperature of 186 K are demonstrated. This record temperature performance is achieved based on a diagonal design, with the objective to increase the upper-state lifetime and therefore the gain at elevated temperatures. The increased diagonality also lowers the operating current densities by limiting the flow of parasitic leakage current. Quantitatively, the diagonality is characterized by a radiative oscillator strength that is smaller by a factor of two from the least of any previously published designs. At the lasing frequency of 3.9 THz, 63 mW of peak optical power was measured at 5 K, and approximately 5 mW could still be detected at 180 K.


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