First-principles calculation of nitrogen-tungsten codoping effects on the band structure of anatase-titania

Long, Run; English, Niall J.
March 2009
Applied Physics Letters;3/30/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 13, p132102
Academic Journal
The electronic properties and photocatalytic activity of nitrogen (N) and/or tungsten (W)-doped anatase are calculated using density functional theory. For N-doping, isolated N 2p states above the top of the valence band are responsible for experimentally observed redshifts in the optical absorption edge. For W-doping, W 5d states below the conduction band lead to band gap narrowing; the transition energy is reduced by 0.2 eV. Addition of W to the N-doped system yields significant band gap narrowing gap by 0.5 eV. This rationalizes recent experimental data which showed that N/W-doped titania exhibits higher visible-light photocatalytic efficiency than either N- or W-doping alone.


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