Message and Talker Identification in Older Adults: Effects of Task, Distinctiveness of the Talkers' Voices, and Meaningfulness of the Competing Message
- Speechreading and Aging. Tye-Murray, Nancy; Sommers, Mitchell; Spehar, Brent // ASHA Leader;7/12/2005, Vol. 10 Issue 9, p8
Discusses how growing old affects face-to-face speech perception. Factors affecting hearing system of a person aging over 65; Improvements and relief brought by sensory aids in speech perception; Importance of visual speech information as a means of compensating for reduced audibility.
- Effects of Age and Hearing Loss on Gap Detection and the Precedence Effect: Broadband Stimuli. Roberts, Richard A.; Lister, Jennifer J. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2004, Vol. 47 Issue 5, p965
Older listeners with normal-hearing sensitivity and impaired-hearing sensitivity often demonstrate poorer-than-normal performance on tasks of speech understanding in noise and reverberation. Deficits in temporal resolution and in the precedence effect may underlie this difficulty. Temporal...
- Does Old Age or Parkinson's Disease Cause Bradyphrenia? Phillips, James G.; Schiffter, Tanya // Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical ;Aug99, Vol. 54 Issue 8, pM404
Provides information on a study which considered whether speed of information processing declines in older adults and in patients with Parkinson's disease. Methods; Results; Conclusions.
- Do old people really live in the past? Lowe, Geoff // New Scientist;3/9/91, Vol. 129 Issue 1759, p24
Explains why older people are unable to store or retrieve recent events but frequently remember experiences from their early years. Suggestion that older people prefer to talk about early experiences because their present lives are relatively uneventful; Reason why people in residential care...
- Aging Workers & Ergonomics. Fox, Robert R.; Brogmus, George E.; Maynard, Wayne S. // Professional Safety;Jan2015, Vol. 60 Issue 1, p33
The article discusses several perspective of aging workers and ergonomics. Topics discussed include increasing number and proportion of older workers, brief information on various physical, cognitive and perceptual changes associated with aging workers, and National Council on Compensation...
- Early levels of analysis of speech. Samuel, Arthur G.; Kat, Donna // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception & Performan;Jun96, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p676
Studies the early levels of analysis in the perception of speech. Information-processing approach to speech perception; Properties for the representation of the levels; Stimulus domains for the early levels; Comparison with other information-processing models.
- Enhanced activation of the left inferior frontal gyrus in deaf and dyslexic adults during rhyming. MacSweeney, MairÃ©ad; Brammer, Michael J.; Waters, Dafydd; Goswami, Usha // Brain: A Journal of Neurology;Jul2009, Vol. 132 Issue 7, p1928
Hearing developmental dyslexics and profoundly deaf individuals both have difficulties processing the internal structure of words (phonological processing) and learning to read. In hearing non-impaired readers, the development of phonological representations depends on audition. In hearing...
- Role of Visual Speech in Phonological Processing by Children With Hearing Loss. Jerger, Susan; Tye-Murray, Nancy; Abdi, Hervé // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2009, Vol. 52 Issue 2, p412
Purpose: This research assessed the influence of visual speech on phonological processing by children with hearing loss (HL). Method: Children with HL and children with normal hearing (NH) named pictures while attempting to ignore auditory or audiovisual speech distractors whose onsets relative...
- Is cochlear implantation a good treatment method for profoundly deafened elderly? Lachowska, Magdalena; Pastuszka, Agnieszka; Glinka, Paulina; Niemczyk, Kazimierz // Clinical Interventions in Aging;2013, Vol. 8, p1339
Purpose: To assess the benefits of cochlear implantation in the elderly. Patients and methods: A retrospective analysis of 31 postlingually deafened elderly (â©¾60 years of age) with unilateral cochlear implants was conducted. Audiological testing included preoperative and postoperative...