TITLE

High-gravity-assisted pulsed laser ablation system for the fabrication of functionally graded material thin film

AUTHOR(S)
Nishiyama, T.; Morinaga, S.; Nagayama, K.
PUB. DATE
March 2009
SOURCE
Review of Scientific Instruments;Mar2009, Vol. 80 Issue 3, p033904
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This paper describes a novel method for the fabrication of a thin film deposited on an appropriate substrate having a continuous composition gradient. The composition gradient was achieved by a combination of pulsed laser ablation (PLA) of the target material with a very strong acceleration field generated on a moving disk rotating at a very high speed. The PLA process was used to produce a cloud of high-energy particles of the target material that will be deposited on a substrate placed on the rotating disk. After deposition, the particles will diffuse on the surface of the thin film under a strong acceleration field. The high energy of the particles and their diffusion on the substrate surface in a high-vacuum environment produces a macroscopic composition distribution in the thin film. We have constructed an experimental apparatus consisting of a vacuum chamber in which a circular disk made of titanium is driven by a high-frequency inductive motor. An acceleration field of up to 10 000 G can be generated by this apparatus. Functionally graded material thin films of FeSi2 with a continuous concentration gradient were successfully fabricated by this method under a gravity field of 5400 G. A significant advantage of this method is that it allows us to fabricate graded thin films with a very smooth surface covered by few droplets.
ACCESSION #
37259502

 

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