Relaxation of intense inhomogeneous charged beams

Nunes, R. P.; Pakter, R.; Rizzato, F. B.; Endler, A.; Souza, E. G.
March 2009
Physics of Plasmas;Mar2009, Vol. 16 Issue 3, p033107
Academic Journal
This work analyzes the dynamics of inhomogeneous, magnetically focused high intensity beams of charged particles. Initial inhomogeneities lead to density waves propagating transversely in the beam core, and the presence of transverse waves eventually results in particle scattering. Particle scattering off waves in the beam core ultimately generates a halo of particles with concomitant emittance growth. Emittance growth indicates a beam relaxing to its final stationary state, and the purpose of the present paper is to describe halo and emittance in terms of test particles moving under the action of the inhomogeneous beam. To this end an average Lagrangian approach for the beam is developed. This approach, aided by the use of conserved quantities, produces results in nice agreement with those obtained with full N-particle numerical simulations.


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