Institutional Design and Information Revelation: Evidence from Environmental Right-to-Know

Whitford, Andrew B.
April 2009
Journal of Public Administration Research & Theory;Apr2009, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p189
Academic Journal
How governments design institutions for the revelation of information depends on how the costs and benefits are distributed across affected groups. In this study examine the incidence of different kinds of constituencies and how governments give citizens access to information that affects them. A number of important studies have sought to understand the effect of such rules on the revelation of private information and policy outcomes, but we know little about the sources of those rules. Do the rules coincide with constituencies that benefit from their existence? Are they absent where strong constituencies can avoid bearing the costs of the rules? Using data on community "right-to-know" protections regarding environmental hazards, I compare the incidence of the benefits and costs of these design choices in the context of rules that reveal information and charge the cost of information revelation to the regulated community. The models show that the incidence of right-to-know protections depends on the presence or absence of constituencies that would enjoy their benefits or bear their costs. However, organizational costs limit the ability of affected constituencies to obtain institutional designs that reflect their interests.


Related Articles

  • Transformation/Innovation or Patchwork Juxtaposition of Public Policy Process and the Role of Leadership in a Chaotic Environment: Is a New Paradigm in the Make. Zomorrodian, Asghar // Theoretical & Applied Economics;Apr2009, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p3 

    Public Policymaking processes are viewed by some as intertwined relationships of offices, public leaders, and issues, all of which constantly change in a kaleidoscope-like fashion as Gerston (2002) puts it nicely. With historically unprecedented economic debacle now facing US and the world the...

  • Keeping records public.  // Consumer Reports;Feb99, Vol. 64 Issue 2, p7 

    Comments on public-records laws in the United States. What such laws give citizens access to; The right to pursue the office mail and e-mail of elected officials; Consumer Union's belief that public access is eroding; A project in which Indiana newspapers sent unidentified staffers to get public...

  • Malaysian E-government: Issues and Challenges in Public Administration. Mohd Ramli, Razlini // International Proceedings of Economics Development & Research;2012, Vol. 48, p19 

    E-government has become part and parcel of every government's agenda. Many governments have embraced its significant impacts and influences on governmental operations. As the technology mantra has become more ubiquitous, so government have decided to inaugurate e-government policy in its...

  • Information Overload. Dechter, Gadi // Government Executive;Oct2011, Vol. 43 Issue 12, p74 

    The article presents the author's comments on government communication with public in the U.S. It is commented that the quantity and type of information made available to the public show whether the government is open or not. It is argued that policymakers and regulators should measure...

  • Agreed-Upon Procedures: Senate Office of Public Records Revolving Fund, Fiscal Years 2006 and 2007. Sebastian, Steven J. // GAO Reports;12/11/2007, p1 

    The article reports on the agreed-upon-procedures requested by the U.S. Congress to the Government Accountability Office (GAO). The procedures were related to supporting documentation for fund-related receipt and disbursement activities and reconciliation procedures performed by Office of Public...

  • NI'S public sector: RPA - greatest single challenge for 30 Yrs? Henry, Jackie // Accountancy Ireland;Aug2006, Vol. 38 Issue 4, p6 

    The article discusses the effects of the planned implementation of reforms in the delivery of public services in Northern Ireland. The radical reforms will be implemented as outlined in the Review of Public Administration, a program to deliver radical improvements in public services. However, it...

  • THE NEED TO STRENGTHEN EVALUATION IN PARLIAMENT.  // Parliamentarian;2012 Sri Lanka, p50 

    The article focuses on the emergence of Managing for Development Results (MfDR) as a public management tool for the improvement of public resources in Parliament in Sri Lanka. It says that MfDR focuses on structure and tools developed to boost accountability and enhance government performance....

  • Lesson for UK?  // Accountancy;Oct75, Vol. 86 Issue 986, p11 

    The article reports that the financial difficulties of New York City may serve as a lesson for handling the financial problems in Great Britain. The troubles are known and there is a fair sympathy for the efforts of government to recover from the mess.

  • EDITORIAL. Emmendoerfer, Magnus Luiz // Administração Pública e Gestão Social;jul-sep2014, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p109 

    No abstract available.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics