Özel Bir Semt Polikliniğine Başvuran Yetişkin Hastalarda Depresyon Ve Anksiyete Belirtilerinin Yaygınlığı

Solmaz, Mustafa; Saygılı, Sefa; Savaş, Günay
March 2009
Klinik Psikofarmakoloji Bulteni;Mar2009 Supplement, Vol. 19, pS187
Academic Journal
Objective: Depression and anxiety pictures frequently present to non-psychiatric physicians both as clinical diagnoses and clinical symptoms. Despite such prevalence, these patients are often insufficiently and wrongly evaluated and misdiagnosed by ignoring the clinical psychiatric picture. Most patients lose their chances of a sufficient and effective treatment and are faced with chronicity, which results in material and psychological losses. Methods: One hundred seventy two patients between the ages of 18-72 who presented to the private polyclinic between September 2008-December 2008 were included in our study. The inclusion criteria for patients were literacy, and absence of dementia and psychosis. Beck Depression, Beck Anxiety inventories were administered by a primary care physician. Of 172 patients, 98 were female, and 74 were male. Conclusion: In Beck Depression Inventory, scores of 17 and over were assumed to represent depression. 21% of men were diagnosed with depression, while the rate was 27% among women. Beck Anxiety Inventory scores were found to be significantly higher in favor of women. These results indicate that depression and anxiety pictures are quite prevalent in the patient population presenting to non-psychiatric physicians. Primary care medicine and general practitioners appear to be the keystones of the referral-based health care system already initiated in our country. Therefore, it is highly important that primary care physicians and general practitioners be sensitive, well-informed, and cautious towards psychiatric disorders. Early diagnosis and treatment is crucial for the present and future of the patients.


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